February 23, 2009

Twenty-nine reports about the future of academic libraries

First of all, apologies for the insanely long list of reports, white papers, etc. I'm clearly obsessed. I think they are all freely available, although a couple may require registration to demonstrate a higher ed institutional affiliation.

  1. Ithaka’s 2006 Studies of Key Stakeholders in the Digital Transformation in Higher Education

  2. How Readers Navigate to Scholarly Content: Comparing the changing user
    behaviour between 2005 and 2008 and its impact on publisher web site design and function

  3. College Students' Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources

  4. Sharing, Privacy and Trust in Our Networked World

  5. Generations Online in 2009

  6. The Future of the Internet III

  7. Networked Workers: Most workers use the internet or email at their jobs, but they say these technologies are a mixed blessing for them

  8. Use of Cloud Computing Applications and Services
  9. 2009 Horizon Report

  10. Scholarly Information Practices in the Online Environment: Themes from the Literature and Implications for Library Service Development

  11. National Consultation on Access to Scientific Research Data

  12. Agenda for Developing E-Science in Research Libraries

  13. Sustainability and Revenue Models for Online Academic Resources

  14. Skills, Role & Career Structure of Data Scientists & Curators: Assessment of Current Practice & Future Needs

  15. Semantic Enrichment: The Key to Successful Knowledge Extraction from STM Literature

  16. No Brief Candle: Reconceiving Research Libraries for the 21st Century

  17. Preservation in the Age of Large-Scale Digitization
    A White Paper

  18. A Survey of Digital Humanities Centers in the United States

  19. Library as Place: Rethinking Roles, Rethinking Space

  20. Current Models of Digital Scholarly Communication: Results of an Investigation Conducted by Ithaka for the Association of Research Libraries

  21. The Next Generation of Academics: A Report on a Study Conducted at the University of Rochester

  22. Studying Students: The Undergraduate Research Project at the University of Rochester

  23. The ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2008

  24. Economic Implications of Alternative Scholarly Publishing Models: Exploring the costs and benefits

  25. More People, Not Just More Stuff: Developing a New Vision for Research Cyberinfrastructure

  26. Our Cultural Commonwealth: The report of the American Council of Learned Societies Commission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences

  27. Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences

  28. Transformational Times:. An Environmental Scan Prepared for the ARL Strategic Plan Review Task Force

  29. Finding Context: What Today’s College Students Say About Conducting Research in the Digital Age

Sorry about the science-centric nature of many of the reports I've mentioned. My interest in the future of academic libraries is much broader than just a scitech focus so I would really appreciate any readers out there who can suggest reports that are relevant to the various other academic areas: business, humanities, social science, arts, etc.

Zotero 1.5 Beta with multi-computer syncing is released

This is a potential game-changer in the citation management wars.

The Beta version of Zotero 1.5 has been released.

The most notable new features are:

  • Automatic synchronization of collections among multiple computers. For example, sync your PC at work with your Mac laptop and your Linux desktop at home.
  • Free automatic backup of your library data on Zotero’s servers.
  • Automatic synchronization of your attachment files to a WebDAV server (e.g. iDisk, Jungle Disk, or university-provided web storage).

Other New Features
  • Automatic detection of PDF metadata.
  • Automatic detection and support for proxy servers.
  • Trash can with restore item functionality
  • Rich-text notes
  • A new style manager allowing you to add and delete CSLs and legacy style formats.
  • Support for Endnote® export styles

Syncing being the feature that pretty well everybody was waiting for.

This is really interesting for a number of reasons. Most of all, Zotero is a free and open source software package, so it can potentially be customized to work for local groups. Zotero is now a very real competitor to RefWorks and others for consortial and institutional site licenses and local implementations.

Looking forward, if I were interested in designing and building a cradle to grave research environment for researchers, Zotero has to be a candidate for the citation management component.

Two things I'd still like to see are some social sharing features like with Del.icio.us or Connotea. Looking forward to that seamless research environment, it would also be great if they could work out integration to an online document preparation system like Google Docs or Zoho.

I'm about to start some pretty intense literature reviewing myself pretty soon, and I have to admit I was still unsure which way I would go, citation management-wise. Now I'm thinking I'll give Zotero a shot.

February 20, 2009

Friday Fun: Expo 67!

Wow, is this ever a blast from the past.

For over 150 years, world's fairs have fascinated the general public with their blend of futuristic optimism and desire to entertain the masses. In 1967, the city of Montreal played host to Expo 67 from April to October. This particular world's fair also set a single-day attendance record when 569,000 visitors came on the third day it was open. The Library and Archives of Canada has created this virtual tour of the fair, complete with information about all the pavilions, activities, and special guests. In the "Pavilions" section, visitors can watch a movie about these unique structures, and also learn about how each country chose to represent their nation at the fair. Another section that's well-worth checking out is the "News Report" area. Here visitors can read some of the news headlines from that heady time. You won't want to leave the site without downloading the Expo 67 logo for your screen saver or checking out the theme song to the fair, "Hey Friend, Say Friend".

The virtual exhibition, created by the Library and Archives Canada along with the Archives of the City of Montreal, is absolutely fantastic. It really gives a feel what it was like to be there.

I should know. I was there. Born in 1962, of course, I was only a little kid at the time, not quite 5 during that summer. However, my father worked as an engineer at Expo so we could get in for free. I remember going an awful lot that summer. I also very clearly remember tons of family from across Canada staying with us during Expo; we even took had some families we didn't know stay with us, which I think was probably quite common during that more innocent era.

Lots more links here and there's also a solid article in Wikipedia.

(via The Scout Report.)

February 19, 2009

If you don't have a blog you don't have a resume (Part 3)

Yes, I know, I only planned two parts to this series but I have to admit that it's something that really interests me and I'm passionate about and I do keep finding more interesting posts to highlight. In that spirit, I hearby declare this series open-ended.

Once again, as Daniel Lemire so aptly puts it, Blogging is really part of our day jobs!:

I decided to copy Daniel Tunkelang’s idea and maintain a list of some people who read my blog. This is not meant to be an ego-boosting or name-dropping project. My goal is to prove that blogging is a serious business. Blogging is part of my day job! Indeed, this list proves that professional networking results from my blog.

Don't worry, I'm not tempted to start a similar list for this blog. But it you want to unlurk or declare yourself a scitech liblog reader, feel free to do so in the comments.

And speaking of students, I believe that blogging has a lot of benefits for building reputation at the very outset of a career, as it can really help to distinguish one candidate from another. In other words: Blogs as E-portfolios: Better for the Students, Cheaper for the .edu.
The original idea of an e-portfolio was to help students keep a record of the work they did. This was intended to help them learn and show progress (the faculty and institution value) and get a job (the student's value). While there is some tension between the faculty and the students with their respective values, both are good simple goals.

Companies were set up to build technology to facilitate this collection and distribution of information, but times changed and new methods have become clear, easier, more effective, and cheaper.

Blogs are a much better way to go.

A simple rule of thumb: it's not an e-portfolio if Google can't find it. (emphasis added)

There's lots of good stuff about the benefits of blogging for students as well as some discussion of possible drawbacks.

When it all comes down to it, this is all really about something called a Personal Marketing Plan. From an academia point of view, putting it that way can seem a bit crass and distasteful. On the other hand, it's also a reality that academia is about reputation and reputation management. And that's what marketing is about too.
Some think marketing yourself is what you do when you need a new job, but in fact that’s not the case at all - it’s actually about having a voice in our industry, creating a name and reputation for yourself, and shaping the future. Also, there is a symbiotic relationship between any company you work for and your personal brand. Smart companies embrace this behavior because they understand the value in nurturing talent. Ideally, all parties win.

Take on marketing yourself as your personal challenge and an ongoing project with no end date. If you were an interior designer, would you hire someone else to furnish your house? I doubt it, what would that say about your skills as a designer? An interior designer’s proudest work should be their own interior, just as you should be your own personal case study of success.

This post is generally excellent and I think well worth reading in its entirety and I think the final point is a very powerful one:
The real trick isn’t to make it about you

Here’s a hint: market others, share their content, put them in the spotlight - don’t even worry about directly promoting yourself. The smartest way to market yourself is actually to make it not about you.

It's our passion for our profession that builds our reputation, not the other way around.

February 13, 2009

Friday Fun: Chess Biathalon?

Ok, this is seriously odd:

What a great idea! In an area where there is lots of snow, and where most people are accomplished Nordic skiers, why not mobilise the chess enthusiasts amongst them to take part in a Chess Biathlon. You ski and stop, not to shoot at targets, but to solve chess puzzles. Is this the first time that such an event was staged? It is certainly worth emulating.


As the students navigated the course, they stopped to write down solutions for the mate puzzles at the different stations. Some worked in pairs, others were solo. At the finish line everyone's course time was recorded. They each turned in their solutions sheets to the trail assistant. For each correct solution time was subtracted from their finishing mark. Incorrect solutions added time to the finish. Skipped puzzles added double the time.

Of course, not as odd as chess boxing.

February 11, 2009

Sixteen books about the future of academic libraries

And how come none of them have librar* in the title?

Here's a bunch of books I've read (or will be reading) to help me figure out what's going on.

  1. Groundswell: Winning in a World Transformed by Social Technologies by charlene Li & Josh Bernoff

  2. The Future of Reputation: Gossip, Rumor, and Privacy on the Internet by Daniel J. Solove

  3. Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations by Clay Shirky

  4. Ambient Findability: What We Find Changes Who We Become by Peter Morville

  5. Super Crunchers: Why Thinking-by-Numbers Is the New Way to Be Smart by Ian Ayres

  6. The Trouble With Physics: The Rise of String Theory, The Fall of a Science, and What Comes Next by Lee Smolin

  7. Everything Is Miscellaneous: The Power of the New Digital Disorder by David Weinberger

  8. Content: Selected Essays on Technology, Creativity, Copyright, and the Future of the Future by Cory Doctorow

  9. Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy by Lawrence Lessig

  10. The Future of the Internet--And How to Stop It by Jonathan Zittrain

  11. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom by Yochai Benkler

  12. Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser

  13. The Public Domain: Enclosing the Commons of the Mind by James Boyle

  14. Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns by Clayton Christensen, Curtis W. Johnson, and Michael B. Horn

  15. True Enough: Learning to Live in a Post-Fact Society by Farhad Manjoo

  16. Digitize This Book!: The Politics of New Media, or Why We Need Open Access Now by Gary Hall

It could just as easily been twenty or thirty. They're also evenly split between books I've already read and ones that I feel I need to read. The books I haven't read would constitute an entry in the "Books I'd Like to Read" category. (The Doctorow book I've read but not reviewed yet.) As usual, if you know of any books out there that I should read but haven't listed, feel free to let me know in the comments.

And what's up with me choosing teh ye olde paeper bookes for looking into the future anyway -- shouldn't I have chosen blogs, wikis, podcasts, video and ejournals and the like? Go on, set me straight. What should I be reading?

(Next up, I think I'll see if I can round up a list of relatively recent reports and white papers that look interesting. Yes, I'm obsessed, so shoot me.)

February 9, 2009

If you don't have a blog you don't have a resume (Part 2)

Welcome to Part II of my musings on how a blog can help you in your professional life. Before going any further, you might want to check out Part I if you haven't seen that already.

I'd also like to be more explicit about chicken/egg of interplay between our passion and commitment to the profession that blogging brings out and how that directly feeds into concrete reputation-building and the benefits that may result. In general, I believe that if you blog to become famous (in other words, to explicitly build your reputation, with cynicism not passion), that will be your reputation. If you blog to share and grow and explore, it's that passion that will hopefully influence your reputation-building efforts and that any concrete benefits that you accrue will reflect that.

Blogging isn't for everyone. Blog because it's what you want to do, not because you feel you have to.

That being said, I really I really like how bluntly Neville Hobson puts it: Your Blog is Your CV.

What do you want people to find out about you? Time to think about that. And if there’s anything you’ve posted about yourself that you’d rather clean up, let’s say, read Scoble’s post as it has some good advice on what to do to sort that out.

Hmm, let’s change the title of this post. This works better: Google is your CV.

Kyle Lacy also gives a couple of good nuts-and-bolts Top 10 lists of what we can learn from blogging, Ben Barden's and his own, in the post 20 Things We Have Learned from Blogging. Let's take a look at a couple from both lists:


1. You Need to Choose a Topic You Know and Like. (This is number one)

2. You need to enjoy Writing. (You need to enjoy thought promotion and learning. I hated writing before I started blogging. Just believe in what you are writing about)

6. You don’t usually get links by asking for them.

8. Your posts need to be different

10. You’ll meet some great people. (Amen)


4. Use Google Alerts for content ideas. It has worked for me numerous times.

6. Get out into the community and network offline. It will help build further support

7. You should always put your blog URL on your business card and email signature.

8. Always measure the time you are spending online. If the return is not there… switch up your strategy.

9. Do not focus too intently on content. Get the thing written and change it later.

Scientist David De Roure has a new blog and this is some of what his rationale is for blogging (and really, I can't think of a better way to explain the drive to blog that De Roure's): Reasons to be Blogging 1 2 3
But I want to. I lead a hectic (possibly crazy…) academic life where I get to work with experts in many disciplines - I get a unique, perhaps privileged, view of the world and it’s one I want to share. For example, when I’ve been in a good panel, there is information to be shared and debate to be continued too - time to blog. And from where I sit, not only do I get to see things but I get to see the connections between things - what better mechanism than a blog for communicating that interconnectedness? So for me it’s not ego, it’s duty and the appropriate tool.

And it’s part of my research - research is about connectedness and i want to understand how to achieve it. I see a compelling analogy between the informal communications of the great scientists of old - the “invisible college” communicating by letter and annotated book margin - and the emerging research practices of open science and Science 2.0. I see the benefit in understanding how the scholarly knowledge cycle can evolve, especially in the context of the shift to digital and data-centric research.

To sum up these two laundry list posts, to answer the questions of "why blog" or "isn't twitter better than real blogging", I really like what Hutch Carpenter has to say: Why Professionals Should Continue to Blog in the Era of Twitter. I'm only including the first of Carpenter's main points, but the whole post is terrific and definitely worth reading.
But blogs are the professional’s curriculum vitae. They are a standing record of strong thin king about a subject. When you devote the time to put together a blog post covering your field, you’re likely doing this:
  • Research
  • Analysis
  • Linking to others
  • Establishing your voice
  • Influencing the thinking of others
  • Showing the ability to pull together longer form thinking, a requirement in professional work

My own experience is that if you blog, every so often you pop out a signature piece. The kind of post that resonates with others and establishes your position in your field. These blog posts receive a lot of views, get linked to and turn up in Google searches. When you get one of these, congratulations! You have successfully put your flag in the ground for your field.

Tweets don’t do that. Tweets create a tapestry of someone, they foster ambient awareness. This has value in its own right. But they’re not vehicles for heavier thinking. They don’t demonstrate your capacity to size up an issue or idea and bring it home.

Keep in mind that LinkedIn now lets you add blogs to your professional profile. What’s going to be more valuable to you when people are running searches? Tweets or well-thought blog posts?

So, there we go. My feelings on blogging. Decide for yourself whether or not you could integrate blogging into your own professional development plan. It's definitely worth it for pretty well anyone to at least give it a try. And if you don't have a professional development plan, I have to say that blogging will help you define and refine your goals and interests. Believe it or not, just writing a little about a lot of different things really will help you figure out what's important to you.

February 8, 2009

BookCamp Toronto

I just registered for something called BookCamp Toronto:

BookCampToronto is a free unconference about:

The future of books, writing, publishing, and the book business in the digital age.

Date: Saturday, June 6, 2009 (9am-5pm)
Location: MaRS Centre 101 College Street [map]
Cost: FREE!
What to bring: Your ideas about the future of books.

For more info see:

or, contact:
Hugh McGuire

I don't know much about it or the organizers, but it looks like it's going to be a very lively and interesting event.

One of the few great things about FaceBook is that sometimes someone else in your network can surface these kinds of things for you. Also, take a look at the Globe and Mail story. Registration is apparently capped at 150 and it seems to be at about 125 now. I imagine they'll set up a waiting list or even let the registration drift a bit higher as free unconferences usually have a lot of no-shows. On the other hand, why risk it. If you're interested, register while you can.

February 6, 2009

Cool engineering conferences

A couple of conference announcements have crossed my real and virtual desks lately and I think that they are both more than interesting enough to warrant a mention.

First of all, thanks to Sharon Murphy of Queens for bringing The Sixth International Conference on Innovation and Practices in Engineering Design and Engineering Education to my attention at OLA this past week. The conference is July 27 - 29, 2009 at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario.

From the general call for papers:

The sixth CDEN International Design Engineering Conference will focus on design innovation and engineering education that are such essential ingredients of creating a new future for the people of Canada and the world. Submissions can include, but are not limited to, the philosophy of design; tools and techniques for effective and successful design; methods and tools for designing to meet needs; methods for and research into the assessment of design; teaching and promoting design; humanitarian design; design successes and failures; tear-downs of designs and design-processes; the infrastructure required for design; lessons and methods used in non-engineering design fields; design for commercialization; and related topics.

The goal of the conference is to explore design practice and teaching that leads to better lives for Canadians.

Sharon's coordinating the technical session on "Information Research and Knowledge Management" and would love to see proposals from librarians. You can contact her at murphys at queensu dot ca.

The other cool conference is Engineer of the Future 2.0: Summit on Transforming Engineering Education, on March 31 & April 1, 2009.
Although curriculum reform has been on engineering minds for some time, it is clear that reforms are difficult to sustain and diffuse, and often even when innovations are won, it is difficult to maintain the organizational will to continually improve and adapt. Indeed, the problem of effective educational transformation is as much organizational and political as it is pedagogical and curricular; and it may be the case that effective engineering education transformation requires not a top-down approach, but rather an open-source approach in which diverse voices gather at the grassroots with a variety of views and methodological approaches and openly and actively share best practices.

To explore this possibility, Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering and the University of Illinois have joined forces to put on the Summit on the Engineer of the Future 2.0. The event will be held on April 1, 2009 (Wednesday, with opening reception the night before) at Olin College in Needham, MA and will feature a keynote talk by Dean Karan Watson, Texas A&M, a panel discussion of successful engineers of the future (recent grads 5-10 years out with a track record of entrepreneurial, corporate, organizational, or societal success), and brainstorming and involvement sessions in the afternoon. The event will be followed on Thursday with the opportunity to visit Olin College.

Submissions here.

Both conferences look fabulous and unfortunately I won't be at either. It's doubly disappointing because Hamilton is in my back yard but the time is right in the middle of my summer vacation this year.

February 4, 2009

If you don't have a blog you don't have a resume (Part 1)

I was just going to call this post "On Blogging" but I decided I like Robert Scoble's rather provocative statement better. This is not to say that I agree with his rather extreme stance, because I definitely don't, but I think it's an interesting way to frame this rather long list of links I've collected over the last little while.

The point here is to make the case that blogging is good for your career. It's been good for me and it's been good for a lot of other people and I think it has potential for everyone.

Now, is everyone a blogger-in-waiting? Of course not. Would absolutely everyone actually benefit from blogging? Probably not. And if absolutely everyone did take up blogging, would the massive amount of noise generated actually cancel itself out and end up hardly benefiting anyone at all? Probably.

That being said, let's take a look at what's been making me think about blogging lately.

First of all, let's take a look at the Wired article that started all the fuss:

Thinking about launching your own blog? Here's some friendly advice: Don't. And if you've already got one, pull the plug.

Writing a weblog today isn't the bright idea it was four years ago. The blogosphere, once a freshwater oasis of folksy self-expression and clever thought, has been flooded by a tsunami of paid bilge. Cut-rate journalists and underground marketing campaigns now drown out the authentic voices of amateur wordsmiths. It's almost impossible to get noticed, except by hecklers. And why bother? The time it takes to craft sharp, witty blog prose is better spent expressing yourself on Flickr, Facebook, or Twitter.

As Walt Crawford said during his recent OLA presentation, you know for sure that blogs have entered the useful tools stage of the technology life cycle when Wired says that they're dead, buried and useless because it's no longer possible to become a famous blogger overnight.

Well, I don't know about you, but I long ago gave up on being an A-list blog. So, does blogging actually offer anything to the average person? Is it possible to use a blog to build a reputation in a niche area?

Let's see what the blogosphere is telling us about these questions:

What's the motivation for any user-generated content on the web anyways? Why toil away in obscurity, commenting on YouTube videos or gaming sites or anywhere? Because there truly is a reputation economy out there that is divorced from money. And if you can build reputation that way, it's often possible to leverage that for real-world benefit (or just egoboo): Will Work for Praise: The Web's Free-Labor Economy
Beyond brand-hungry strivers, masses of free laborers continue to toil without ever seeing a payday, or even angling for one. Many find compensation in currencies that predate the market economy. These include winning praise from peers, earning an exalted place within a community, scoring thrills from winning, and finding satisfaction in helping others.

Of course, a lot of what happens is merely attention seeking, shouting "me me me" into the void. What's the point of attracting attention?
Attention is easy to measure:
  • You can record the number of people subscribing to your blog.
  • You can count the number of people citing your research papers.
  • You can point to your number of followers on Twitter or your number of friends on Facebook.

However, I do not blog or write research papers merely to grab attention. Instead, I seek to increase my reputation. While attention fluctuates depending on your current actions, reputation builds up over time based on your reliability, your honesty, and your transparency. To build a good reputation, you do not need to do anything extraordinary: you just need to be consistent over a long time.

So, blogging can build your reputation.

What does a library school student have to say about the benefits. These ideas are certainly applicable to anyone starting out in a new career or even faced with a potential job hunt mid-career:
A list of reasons why every library school student should become a blogger:
  1. Self-promotion.
    Let's face it: when you apply for your first full-time gig after graduation, your potential employer will be going through a stack of CVs from people just like you, and every single candidate will have an MLIS, and the vast majority of them will have some experience working in the field. If you don't make your CV stand out, it will never make it to the top of the pile, so you need something to show how special you are. Blogging shows that you're interested in the field and have ideas to contribute, so when you include your blog's URL on your CV, employers will take notice...

  2. Becoming part of the community
    As students, we're already part of a community; library programs tend to be small enough that we get to know most of our classmates, and this is important since we will likely work with many of these people in the future. But wouldn't it be great to have a network of contacts outside of school, made up of people who share your interests and are able to provide advice and support?...

  3. The opportunity to put your thoughts into writing
    If you're like me and enjoy writing, then keeping a blog is a fun way to organize your thoughts. If you're not like me, then keeping a blog is a way to encourage yourself to practice your writing.

There also seem to be a lot of caveats to the whole blogging thing in academia, though. Are the downsides real or just myths?
Blogging is dangerous for non-tenured faculty: Blogging will not get you tenure. Neither will giving talks worldwide. Tenure is usually granted because you were able to hold a decent research program, and you showed respect for the students. However, if blogging prevents you from getting tenure, something is very wrong with your blogging or your school...

Serious researchers have no time for blogging: Indeed, there is always another paper to write and more time to spend at the library, isn’t there? Let me quote Downes on this: If you are spending time in meetings, spending time traveling or commuting to work, spending time reading books and magazines, spending time telephoning people (or worse, on hold, or playing phone tag) then you are wasting time that you could be spending connecting to people online.

Blogging distracts you away from the research: bloggers do not tend to write about their latest research results. We tend to write about ideas that will not make it into our research papers. Is it a distraction? It might be, but does blogging cause you to lose focus in your research? I doubt it...

That's it for now. Next time we'll have four more posts that take a look at the concrete benefits of blogging.

Update 2009.02.11: Part 2!

February 2, 2009

Best Science Books 2008: Strategy + Business

Thanks to Kris Fitzpatrick of the IEEE for pointing me to this rather extensive list of business books from 2008.

The catagories include General, Strategy, Life Stories, Marketing, Rhetoric, Innovation, Globalization, Human Capital, Capitalism and Community, Management and Miscellany.

In particular, there are a number of very interesting-looking books on community building. The relevant ones from all the lists are here:

  • Groundswell: Winning in a World Transformed by Social Technologies by Charlene Li and Josh Bernoff

  • Sony vs. Samsung: The Inside Story of the Electronics Giants’ Battle for Global Supremacy by Sea-Jin Chang

  • Patent Failure: How Judges, Bureaucrats, and Lawyers Put Innovators at Risk by James Bessen and Michael J. Meurer

  • Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns by Clayton M. Christensen

  • The Power of Unreasonable People: How Social Entrepreneurs Create Markets That Change the World by John Elkington and Pamela Hartigan

  • The Dismal Science: How Thinking Like an Economist Undermines Community by Stephen A. Marglin

  • Community: The Structure of Belonging by Peter Block